One of the things that came directly from Asia and won over a lot of people in the West was manga. Often confused with comic books, this type of reading became a fever after some adaptations of works for television, which are well-known animes.
Learn a little more about manga, its characteristics, genres and some titles that are well known in this medium.
What is manga?
In other words, manga literally means involuntary drawings. And it officially appeared in 1814, despite comic book demonstrations in Japan dating back to the 11th century. It was the painter Katsushika Hokusai who released the first booklet containing stories with drawings that functioned as sequences. Manga is the name given to Japanese stories, which are quite similar to comics (comics). The word that gives name to Asian comics came from the combination of two vocabularies: man = involuntary and ga = drawing/image.
The Hokusai series had 15 volumes and was named Hokusai Mangá, which made these types of stories to be called by the name we know today. However, the manga was only officially called that way after World War II, with the works of Ozama Tezuka.
What are the characteristics of the manga?
There are some factors that differentiate manga from common comics, which are the famous western comics. The first point is the graphic representation, which has Japanese ideograms.
In this case, these ideograms present, in addition to the sound, explicit ideas in them. Therefore, onomatopoeias (the famous POW, CRASH, KABUM) are important tools in the manga.
One of the most famous features of manga is the way it is read. We are used to reading from left to right, but in the manga, this is done from right to left. It’s quite possible that when you open your manga in Western mode, you’ll find some character telling you that that’s the wrong side.
One really cool thing is that manga are only produced in black and white and that has an explanation. Mangas are produced and printed on newsprint, making them cheaper and reaching all kinds of audiences.
What types of manga are there?
In the universe of manga, as well as movies, series, books and other things, there are several genres that can be found to better satisfy the reader’s desire. Check out some of the best known and choose what you like best to venture into the world of manga.
Kadomo manga is totally aimed at children. The meaning of his name is literally child, so these stories are usually loaded with teachings and moral lessons, similar to fables.
His arts are not loaded to keep the child actor’s attention. The Anpanman kadomo , The Sweet Bean Hero , is one of the best known of its kind.
It was thanks to the Shounen genre that made manga more recognized around the world. They are manga aimed at the male children and youth audience (not that this is a rule) and the characteristics that mark this type of manga are the stories focused on adventure, sports and comedy.
Big names derived from this genre are The Knights of the Zodiac, Yu Yu Hakusho, Yu-Gi-Oh , Inuyasha, Naruto and One Piece. It was thanks to magazines like Shounen Jump and Shounen Sunday that the stories gained recognition and became the fevers of the otaku world.
Just as the male juvenile audience has manga geared towards both, the girls also have a gender geared towards them. Shoujo mangas have lighter strokes and lighter colours, in addition to being a less polluted art.
The stories may contain comedy and adventure, but the romance genre is one of the biggest highlights of this style of manga. The main titles of the Shoujo genre are Sakura Card Captors, Sailor Moon, Glass Mask and Orange.
In the Asian continent, manga with an erotic nature is known as Seijin. Only in the West did this genre come to be known as Hentai, which is how you might know it today. Historical sources believe that this type of story arose through erotic engravings in the Edo Period (1600 to 1867).
There are different types of themes to suit all tastes and cover different genres, from comedy to horror, but all end up having sex related to the stories. In Brazil, one of the best-known manga of the genre is Angel, which arrived here with the title Japinhas Safadinhas.
Fans end up seeing this as the famous fan service as well. Especially when used with couples that already have great romantic appeal. The main titles in this genre are Freezing, Love Hina and Video Girl Ai . Despite being considered a genre outside of Japan, Ecchi is an element widely used in works aimed at boys in its vast majority. It is the use of eroticism to spice up a story or create comic situations.
The boys in this milieu are known as bishounen, which in book translation means handsome, effeminate men. Two of the main Yaoi plots known in the manga world are Gravitations and Loveless. Yaoi manga is a part of Shoujo, aimed at boys, but it reaches the male audience much more. In these stories, themes such as comedy, drama and adventure are often seen, but what characterizes this genre is the relationship between two male characters.
The Yuri genre is very similar to Yaoi, but in this case, the stories told in this style of manga are focused on the effective relationships between female characters.
Another striking feature of this genre is the fact that it can be published both in manga magazines for the male audience, as for the female audience, covering both interested in the plots. One of the most famous manga in the Yaoi genre is Citrus.
So, do you have your favourite manga genre? Or would you like to enter this world? Tell us what your favourite manga is.